Medical Marijuana Effects: Indica vs. Sativa
The effects of marijuana can vary greatly depending on which sub-species or strain you medicate with. The plant species Cannabis Sativa L has two main sub-species used for medicinal purposes: Indica and Sativa. According to High Times Magazine there are 5 Differences between Sativa and Indica.
Indica strains are sedatives or relaxants and are effective for treating the symptoms of medical conditions such as anxiety, chronic pain, insomnia, muscle spasms and tremors. Common strains include: White Widow, Northern Lights, Purple Kush, Chemo and Afghani.
Indicas have a higher level of CBD than sativas, which results in a sedated body type stoned effect. Indica strains may cause feelings of sleepiness and heaviness so many patients prefer to medicate with this type of cannabis at night.
Sativa strains are more of a stimulant, and are effective in appetite stimulation, relieving depression, migraines, chronic pain and nausea. Common strains include: Durban Poison, Lemon Skunk, Blue Hawaiian and Big Bud.
Sativas have a higher level of THC than indicas, which results in a psychoactive and energetic mind high. Sativa strains may cause feelings of alertness and optimism so many patients prefer to medicate with this type of cannabis during the day.
Marijuana Effects: Hybrids
Hybrids or cross-breeds of indica and sativa strains produce varieties that carry some characteristics of each parent. For example, adding sativa to indica strains adds mental clarity and decreases sedation effects. And adding indica to sativa strains can decrease or even eliminate the sativa tendency to stimulate anxiety.
Common strains include OG Kush, Himalayan Gold, Blue Cross, and Kandy Kush. Hybrids are often referred to based upon the dominant sub-species inherited from their lineage, eg: pure indica, mostly indica, pure sativa or mostly sativa. Instead of using pure indica or pure sativa, many patients can benefit from the use of hybrid strains.
There are a vast number of strains available for medical marijuana patients, each with a different cannabinoid profile and effects.